Study on Peace Education

Impact of Peace Messages in Formal, Non-Formal Education and Community Participation.

by MIS/M&E Unit, BEFARe

Introduction

GTZ-BEFARe has been imparting formal and non-formal education programs to Afghan refugees in various camps in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Education is considered as a fundamental need in bringing harmony and promoting peace. This study was based on the curriculum contents of BEFARe text books used in the refugee schools over the last 15 years. The contents contained messages of peace and tolerance which were considered essential to the refugees in the context of Afghan problems. In addition school management committee members (SMCs) are also beneficiaries of training programmes which focus on concepts of peace and working together. This study is a preparatory one which is to be used in a future more in-depth analysis of the impact of the contents on the students, both formal and non-formal.

The impact of the contents is looked into from the formal, non-formal as well as from the community perspective. The concepts related to peace education and tolerance are many and varied which have been absorbed in the study to a greater extent.

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Needs inside Afghanistan

Afghanistan will be faced with a shortage of 40,000 teachers in the new academic year which begins in March-April 2003. The exact academic qualifications of the teachers and the details of the available training facilities inside Afghanistan are not known. Nearly 5,000 Afghan trained teachers from North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan refugee camps would be a good supply source.

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Afghan Refugees Teachers’ Profile Database, NWFP & Baluchistan

April, 2003

In the changed scenario of a new Afghanistan, where massive work of rehabilitation and reconstruction is underway, education has become one of the priorities of the Afghan Government as well as that of the donor agencies. In 20 years of living as refugees in Pakistan, Afghans refugee schools are still following the same educational system (curricula, subjects, medium etc) that is compatible with their norms and values and which is also very much similar to the currant education system of Afghanistan.