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Population Profiling and Verification

United Nations High Commission for Refugees

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Population Profiling and Verification (PPV)

Project location

For pilot phase 10 selected locations (urban and rural) located in Peshawar, Haripur, Quetta, Karachi and Islamabad districts

For rollout phase 24 disricts through out the country and capital territory of Islamabad

Project start and end dates

Sep 2010- April 2011(Pilot Phase)

April- December 2011 (PPV 2.0)

Objectives

  • Support the Strategy of Government of Pakistan for Afghan population by providing specific information on the communities;
  • Assist UNHCR in identifying the most urgent and evidence based protection and assistance needs and opportunities that will help tailoring the most appropriate response for the Afghan individuals and communities ensuring access to available rights and services;
  • Provide information to humanitarian and development actors in Pakistan to help with their project development for Afghan hosting communities;
  • Support strategy development for re-integration of Afghan population by the Government of Afghanistan


Project Beneficiaries

  • Afghan polpulation
  • Host communities in Pakistan
  • Government of Pakistan
  • Government of Afghanistan
  • UNHCR offices in Pakistan and Afghanistan
  • Humanitarian Country Team and development actors.

Target population

The target population consists of Afghans residing in Pakistan, irrespective of their personal registration status or the registration status of the household/family. From a survey- and programme perspective, a distinction can be made between Afghans living in refugee villages (camps), in urban areas and in rural areas. Special care will be given to incorporate young children and women and girls, as these groups tend to be severely under-enumerated in Afghan surveys and censuses.

Project description

Government of Pakistan has formulated a Management and Repatriation Strategy for Afghan Refugees in Pakistan for 2010-2012 which is approved by the Cabinet for managing Afghans in Pakistan and finding solutions for them. Previously, there was a singular repatriation approach which envisioned a set number of Afghans who would return by a set date. The current Strategy is about population management and getting an insight about various segments of Afghan Population and the reason for their stay. Do they stay in Pakistan for education, health, protection, economics, or other purposes? For each category of Afghans, the Government needs tailored solutions; starting in 1996, Afghans have moved off camps, and into rural and urban areas, and during this period, the stake-holder’s information has become outdated. This can be mitigated by the Population Profiling and Verification (PPV) which will provide updated community, household and individual information. UNHCR supported; Population Profiling, Verification and Response Project (PPVR) is a household survey of Afghan Population residing in Pakistan to support the implementation of the new Government of Pakistan (GOP) strategy for Afghan refugees, which includes the extension of the Proof of Registration (POR) cards until 2012 and a population profiling exercise for Afghan POR card holders.

BEFARe as lead organization is implementing this project with the technical support from EBDM (Enterprise For Business and Development Management).The PPV is expected to generate a more nuanced description of Afghans and the communities in which they are living that include non-registered Afghans. It will allow UNHCR to tailor and fine-tune its programme and protection interventions to the needs of individuals and communities found during the survey.

PPV is designed to include household assessments of families in communities to better understand their entire needs, is a broad household survey with the aim to cover as many households of registered Afghans as possible during the pilot period. It is planned to start with the information gathering from some 10,000 households as pilot project and community outreach programme in 2010 and spread further as the project continues in 2011 and 2012 (Total estimated 175,000 households) depends on donors support. The survey will allow for inclusion of non-registered Afghan population residing in the same communities with the registered ones. The Survey questions are tailored as to identify individual protection problems, including persons with special needs and the identification of individuals in “high risk” protection categories. It will also reflect on access to available rights and services as well as problems and opportunities in the communities hosting Afghan population. Information pertaining to social conditions and livelihood activities that Afghans in Pakistan engage will also be assessed. Afghans who have made connections with their places of origin since they departed Afghanistan and are planning to eventually return will be assessed with the aim of providing support to facilitate their reintegration in Afghanistan.

The success of the pilot will also be measured by the extent to which it can provide group, community household and individual solutions. The PPV will provide the evidence that is based on the Afghans’ expressed needs and interests that will lead to best informed policy decisions that will benefit the Afghans in Pakistan. The “R” component reveals the durable solution types of Response to the problems that are revealed by the PPV.

In addition, the Afghan Citizen’s Contribution to the Economy (ACCE) study is also part of the pilot phase of PPVR. The ACCE is not a detailed study like an economic impact assessment, rather it is meant to give the stakeholders an idea of both the positive and negative impact Afghans had on the economy of Pakistan.